February 3, 2017


Dear Liberty,


     Sometimes, as much as our principles guide our policies, life steps in and turns it all upside down.  As you know, progressive Democrat President Woodrow Wilson is one of my least favorite presidents.  In Birth of a Nation, I reveal how he re-segregated federal offices and the military. As a teacher, he preached the south would rise again.  By promoting the movie Birth of a Nation, which quoted from his own book, the virtually dead Ku Klux Klan was revived to begin decades of brutality towards both black and white republicans.  His support of eugenics helped fellow progressive Margaret Sanger promote her movement to eliminate “human weeds” so as to develop the perfect race.  (see Sanger and Eugenics and Socialism, Oh, My)


     All that being said, during his administration, Wilson was forced to enter a war he and America wanted no part of.  Wilson campaigned for his second term on remaining neutral in the conflicts occurring in Europe.  He won a narrow victory on the popular slogan, “He kept us out of war.”  But before Wilson was even inaugurated, he faced reneging on his main campaign promise.  


     When hostilities broke out in July 1914 among most European countries, Wilson announced on August 19th that America would stay neutral.  Around the same time, Pancho Villa was leading a revolution in Mexico.  Over the years, Villa proved himself and as a result met with high-ranking US officials, such as General John J. Pershing.  (see The Forgotten General)  That is why when Wilson formally acknowledged Villa’s rival, Venustiano Carranza, as the legitimate leader, Villa attacked Columbus, New Mexico, on March 9, 1916.


     Wilson called on Gen. Pershing to chase America’s one time friend.  Over 10,000 troops, which included your great-grandfather, accompanied Pershing into Mexico to capture Villa. Wilson limited Pershing’s freedom in tracking Villa, restricting how far the troops could go in Mexico.  This, along with Villa’s skill in staying just out of Pershing’s reach, denied the US troops victory in the Punitive Expedition.  Wilson called Pershing home in January 1917.


     While Pershing was on route back to America, Germany informed the Allies that they were resuming “unrestricted submarine warfare” (USW), breaking the Sussex Pledge.  Germany first instituted their USW policy to block supplies to Britain.  They warned they would attack any ship in the waters around Britain.  The British ship Lusitania fell victim to the new strategy on May 7, 1915.  Over 1,100 lives, 128 American, were lost.  The United States protested until Germany apologized and pulled back their USW approach, but it did not completely stop.


     Germany took many more American lives and ships.  To avoid war with the United States, Germany agreed to completely suspend their USW policy with the Sussex Pledge.  On May 4, 1916, Germany agreed to approach just American merchant ships, sinking them only if they carried contraband and the crew was safely off-board.  Though the United States remained neutral, a British blockade of Germany resulted in America’s ability to only trade with the Allies.  


     With Germany renouncing their pledge, America once again faced attacks on innocent, non-military ships.  On February 3, 1917, the United States responded by breaking all diplomatic relations with Germany.  Hours later, Germany sank the American ship Housatonic.


     One hundred years ago today, a German U-boat under the command of Captain-Lieutenant Hans Rose stopped the Housatonic off the Isles of Scilly.  After questioning Housatonic’s Captain Thomas A. Ensor, Rose instructed him to order the crew to abandon ship.  Rose justified his actions as the ship was carrying supplies to England.  As the American’s boarded life boats, the Germans raided the ship’s soap supply.  With the ship deserted, the German’s opened a valve, letting water rush onto the hull.  The U-boat finished off the Housatonic with a single torpedo.  American’s neutrality in World War I sank along with it.


     Once word of the Housatonic reached the states, Americans began realizing war was inevitable.  The final blow came on March 1st when papers printed the Zimmerman Telegram.  Around the time Pershing was ending the Punitive Expedition, German Foreign Minister, Arthur Zimmermann, sought to form an alliance with Mexico in case the United States decided to enter into war with Germany.  Trying to utilize on the tensions brought on by the Punitive Expedition, Zimmerman sent a telegram to the German ambassador to Mexico, Heinrich von Eckhardt.  He offered Mexico financial compensation, as well as portions of the United States in Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico, in return for joining with Germany.


On the first of February we intend to begin submarine warfare unrestricted. In spite of this, it is our intention to endeavor to keep neutral the United States of America.


If this attempt is not successful, we propose an alliance on the following basis with Mexico: That we shall make war together and together make peace. We shall give general financial support, and it is understood that Mexico is to reconquer the lost territory in New Mexico, Texas, and Arizona. The details are left to you for settlement.


You are instructed to inform the President of Mexico of the above in the greatest confidence as soon as it is certain that there will be an outbreak of war with the United States and suggest that the President of Mexico, on his own initiative, should communicate with Japan suggesting adherence at once to this plan; at the same time, offer to mediate between Germany and Japan.

Please call to the attention of the President of Mexico that the employment of ruthless submarine warfare now promises to compel England to make peace in a few months.


Zimmerman  (Sent January 19, 1917)


     British Intelligence intercepted the telegram and deciphered its contents.  With an anti-German sentiment already growing in America, they let it cultivate for a few weeks before presenting the telegram to Wilson on Feb. 24th.  Wilson immediately called on Congress to begin arming ships against German attacks.  He also authorized the release of the telegram to the American people.  Upon reading the telegram, which Zimmerman confirmed as legitimate, Americans were now fully behind going to war.


     On April 2, 1917, barely a month after being sworn in to his second term, Wilson addressed Congress. He requested they declare war on Germany and its allies.  Within four days, both houses of Congress had passed the proper legislation, formally declaring war on April 6, 1917.


     President Wilson and the Americans were content with staying out of the European conflict.  But when the enemy comes after you anyway, it is up to the government to protect and defend the United States of America.  Thank goodness men like your great-grandfather stood up and fought for America in her time of need.


     Liberty, there is a saying, “If you don’t stand for something, you’ll fall for anything.”  Too many people today have replaced their personal principles with feelings.  When that happens, they go whichever way the wind blows.  The strongest foundation you can build your principles on is Christ.  He is steadfast, He is unwavering, and He is right.  You may someday find yourself having to make a personal decision like America did, that goes against your principles.  They should be few and far between, but when they do occur, remember you can always call on the Lord for guidance and wisdom on which way you need to go.


     That’s my 2 cents.


Love,

Mom




THE DAY AMERICA'S NEUTRALITY SANK


On the first of February we intend to begin submarine warfare unrestricted. In spite of this, it is our intention to endeavor to keep neutral the United States of America.


If this attempt is not successful, we propose an alliance on the following basis with Mexico: That we shall make war together and together make peace. We shall give general financial support, and it is understood that Mexico is to reconquer the lost territory in New Mexico, Texas, and Arizona. The details are left to you for settlement.


You are instructed to inform the President of Mexico of the above in the greatest confidence as soon as it is certain that there will be an outbreak of war with the United States and suggest that the President of Mexico, on his own initiative, should communicate with Japan suggesting adherence at once to this plan; at the same time, offer to mediate between Germany and Japan.

Please call to the attention of the President of Mexico that the employment of ruthless submarine warfare now promises to compel England to make peace in a few months.


Zimmerman  (Sent January 19, 1917)